Science University Research Symposium (SURS)

Relationship Between Kanamycin-Resistant Bacteria and Socioeconomic Status of Playgrounds in Nashville, TN

Publication Date



Sciences and Mathematics, College of


Biology, Department of

SURS Faculty Advisor

Chris Barton, Darlene Panvini

Presentation Type

Poster Presentation


Antibiotic resistance is a universal public health issue associated with infections that are harder to treat, prolonged hospital stays, higher medical costs, and increased mortality. Previous studies suggest that antibiotic resistance in certain locations is linked to the socioeconomic status of that area. In this study, three Nashville metro playgrounds from areas with lower socioeconomic status were compared to three playgrounds located in more affluent areas. Playground equipment at each site were swabbed for bacteria and cultured to isolate bacteria that were kanamycin resistant. PCR amplification of the 16s rDNA sequence in bacteria was used for DNA barcoding and identification. Results indicated that kanamycin-resistant bacteria are more prevalent in less socioeconomically inclined areas than in more affluent areas, which is consistent with previous studies. Future research should entail determining factors that contribute to antibiotic resistance across various parameters such as, poor sanitation, limited healthcare access, and rates of antibiotic misuse.

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