DNP Scholarly Projects


Background: Athletes who play outdoor sports have multiple risk factors for the development of skin cancer. Literature highlights the need for the use of evidence-based strategies to improve the knowledge and utilization of sun protection practices in this high-risk population. Methods: Playing it Sun Safe was a multifaceted skin cancer prevention initiative implemented in a population of collegiate soccer athletes in collaboration with a university athletic department and campus health clinic. Evidence-based interventions were designed through application of the Health Belief Model (HBM) and were implemented using the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) quality improvement framework. Purpose: The two-fold aim was to increase participants’ mean Skin Cancer and Sun Knowledge Scale (SCSK) score by 10% and self-reported use of sunscreen by 20% over a three-month period. Results: Results reflected a 20% increase in knowledge and a 45% increase in self-reported sunscreen use. Participant feedback highlighted the impact of peer leadership and verbal cues in prompting sunscreen use. Evidence-based initiatives to increase knowledge and utilization of sun protection in high-risk populations have potential to mitigate skin cancer risk and improve long-term health.


Spring 4-16-2024

First Advisor

Dr. Kathryn K. Dambrino

Scholarly Project Team Member

Dr. Kathryn K. Dambrino

Scholarly Project Team Member

Dr. R. David Phillippi

Scholarly Project Team Member

Dr. Ashley Karpinos


Nursing, School of


Health Sciences & Nursing, Gordon E. Inman College of

Document Type

Scholarly Project


Doctorate of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Degree Level


Degree Grantor

Belmont University


skin cancer, skin cancer prevention, sun protection, sunscreen, UV exposure, collegiate athletes, athletes