DNP Scholarly Projects


With the immigrant population increasing in the United States, the demand for healthcare providers who can provide culturally appropriate care and intracultural communication has increased. Compared to individuals born in the United States, immigrants with diabetes are less likely to meet the standardized targets for diabetes management, resulting in disparities in diabetes-related complications. The problem is the lack of evidence-based patient education for all people, including immigrants who do not speak English as a first language. The purpose of this project was to assess whether or not language-specific structured diabetes educational material for healthcare personnel use would increase the efficacy and thoroughness of diabetes education delivered to Arabic and Spanish-speaking patients and to determine the degree to which those providers felt their patients were receptive to the materials. The project was a quality improvement, cross-sectional design utilizing a mixed-method survey and an evidence-based diabetes booklet. The diabetes booklet covered 30 topics and was translated in Arabic and Spanish, with an English version to reference. The study was conducted from September 2021 to December 2021 in two sister clinics in the southeast region of the United States. Results suggested the utilization of educational resources positively impacted the healthcare providers’ care. It saved healthcare providers’ time, offered patient-centered educational materials, increased patient engagement, and provided an opportunity for the healthcare providers to be reminded of the complexity of the disease process and management. A collaborative effort between the primary stakeholder and healthcare providers may help improve the access and utilization of the diabetes educational resources for future practice and determine the need for future expansion to additional languages.


Spring 4-21-2022

First Advisor

Steven Busby, Ph.D., FNP-BC

Scholarly Project Team Member

Ashley Scism, DNP, FNP-BC

Scholarly Project Team Member

David Phillippi, Ph.D.


Nursing, School of


Health Sciences & Nursing, Gordon E. Inman College of

Document Type

Scholarly Project


Doctorate of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Degree Level


Degree Grantor

Belmont University


Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus; diabetes educational booklet; healthcare providers; education; patient encounters; language barriers

Included in

Nursing Commons